Cardiovascular Disease

Some 7 million Americans suffer from coronary heart disease (CHD), the most common form of heart disease. This type of heart disease is caused by the narrowing of the coronary arteries that feed the heart. A heart attack or coronary incident occurs when the narrowing is so great that it cannot supply enough blood to the heart, the result is CHD. It may or may not be associated with angina (pain in the chest, left shoulder or arm). At times, there may be no symptoms at all. When the blood supply is cut off completely, a heart attack occurs. The heart muscle may be permanently damaged.

Know your blood
Your lipid (fat) levels in your blood determine risk factors for CHD.

Total Cholesterol
Desirable less than 200 mg/dl
Borderline High 200 — 239 mg/dl
High Risk 240 mg/dl and above
HDL – Cholesterol (lowers risk for CHD)
Desirable 60 mg/dl and above
Moderate risk 45-55 mg/dl
High Risk less than 40 mg/dl
LDL – Cholesterol (increases risk for CHD)
Desirable 100 mg/dl or less
Borderline high 130-159 mg/dl
High Risk 160-189 mg/dl
Very High Risk 190 and above mg/dl
Triglycerides (increases risk for CHD and diabetes)
Desirable less than 150 mg/d
Borderline high 150-199 mg/dl
High Risk 200-499 mg/dl
Very High Risk 500 and above mg/dl

Diet Guidelines
People at risk are advised to stick to a diet low in fat and cholesterol. This along with cardio exercise can reduce your risk of CHD and even reverse CHD. Your diet has a major impact on the health of your cardiovascular system. Healthy food habits can assist you in the reduction of three major risk factors for heart attack- high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure (Hypertension) and excessive body weight. By following an eating plan recommended by the American Heart Association, you can lower your risk for heart disease as well as your risk for Type 2 diabetes and for some kinds of cancer.

Changing your eating habits to decrease risk for CHD requires a life-style change. For many people, this can be an overwhelming endeavor and a very confusing one. At Medical Nutrition Network, we are professionally trained to guide you in making the changes that can affect your health. We will tailor a food plan for you that fits your lifestyle, without causing you feelings of deprivation. Eating right does not mean not enjoying food. Medical Nutrition Network can provide what is needed to make the transition into healthy eating a pleasant one. Food plans, menus, recipes and assertive training in dining out and travel are just a part of the services available to you. Let our experts be your guide and support system.

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